The Raven ….By Edgar Allan Poe

Done by:    ♥ Dalal Mustafa & Sara Zaki ♥

 

Edgar Allan Poe;

 Poe is a famous American poet, who was born in 1809. Few years later he married Virginia (his wife) who became very ill and died in 1847. After his wife's death, Poe perhaps yielded more often to a weakness for drink, which had beset him at intervals since early manhood.. With the publication of “The Raven” in 1845, Poe achieved his highest measure of popular attention. . Poe died in 1849, at the age of forty.

A) Content: It is midnight on a cold evening in December in the 1840s. In a dark and shadowy bedroom, wood burns in the fireplace as a man laments the death of Lenore, a woman he deeply loved. To occupy his mind, he reads a book of ancient stories. But a tapping noise disturbs him. When he opens the door to the bedroom, he sees nothing–only darkness. When the tapping persists, he opens the shutter of the window and discovers a raven, which flies into the room and lands above the door on a bust of Athena (Pallas in the poem), the goddess of wisdom and war in Greek mythology. It says “Nevermore” to all his thoughts and longings. The raven, a symbol of death, tells the man he will never again ("nevermore") see his beloved, never again hold her–even in heaven. 

1-Themes:

*  Death of a beautiful woman, as lamented by her bereaved lover.

*  Grief and loneliness.

*  Helplessness and melancholy.

2-Major Characters:- The narrator, Lenore, the raven

 

    3-Setting: The chamber of a house at midnight.

B) Style:-

 

1-First-Person Narrator (Persona):  A man who has lost his beloved..

2-Tone   : Grievous and melancholy

3-Word Choice: words that contribute to the overall atmosphere and tone of the poem. These words include weary, dreary, bleak, dying, sorrow, sad, darkness, stillness, mystery, ebony, grave, stern, lonely, grim, ghastly, and gaunt.

4--Sound and Rhythm: - Musical sound, rhythmic pattern: (internal rhyme) + (end rhyme), and alliteration (a figure of speech that repeats a consonant sound).

5-Rhyme: abc,bbb for the whole poem ,except stanza 13 & 18 with a rhyme scheme aba,bbb,  and AA, B, CC, CB, B, B  for the internal rhyme. 

6- Metaphors: E.g.: "fiery eyes now burned" (80)

 

7-Similes:   E.g." On the morrow he will leave me, as my hopes have flown before".

 

8- Repetition: "From my books surcease of sorrow- sorrow for the lost Lenore"

 

Sources:   http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides2/Raven.html

                  http://www.enotes.com/poetry-criticism/raven-edgar-allan-poe