The Yellow Wallpaper
Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860 - 1935)
Gilman was a well known American sociologist, novelist, and writer of short stories, poetry, and nonfiction. She was also, the first economist and lecturer and an early theorist during the feminine movement.
At the age of five, she taught herself to read "she was self educated".
Her father was a great support for her, his love for literature influenced her and he provided her with list of books that he felt would be worthwhile for her to read.
Her natural intelligence of knowledge impressed her teachers who were nonetheless disappointed because she was poor.
In 1884 she married the artist Charles Walter Stetson.
She suffered form a serious bout of post-partum depression after giving birth of her first child. This was an age when women were seen as "hysterical" and "nervous".
She became active in several feminist organizations such as the economic club, the pacific woman's press association and others.
In 1932 Gilman was diagnosed with breast cancer and in 1935 she committed suicide by taking an overdose of chloroform.
Her views of feminism are introduced in her semi-autobiographical short story "the yellow wallpaper"
The text :
Exposition: ordinary people in a haunted house, see how does that affect them.
Raising actions: something is mysterious about that wallpaper, it does move.
Climax: SHE is creeping, the pattern does move.
Falling action: Every body is affected in his/her own way.
Resolution: Losing identity : I wonder if they all come out o f that wallpaper as I did.
It is the strangest yellow, that wallpaper! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw – not beautiful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things.
Repaper the room , but let it get the better of me.
Elements of hysteria:
I think that woman gets out in the daytime
I always lock the door when I creep by daylight!
There are so many of those creeping women, and they creep so fast.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Perkins_Gilman , (retrieved on 17 July,2009)