Cochise; I Am Alone


         Cochise was a Chiricahuna Apache leader.

         The Apache lived by raiding sheep, cattle and horses from their neighbors (first Mexicans, then Americans).

         In 1861 Cochise was accused by Lieutenant George Bascom of stealing farm animals.

         Cochise protested his innocence; still, Bascom arrested him, but he managed to escape, and that's was the beginning of the Apache wars.

         Until 1861 Cochise was friendly with the Americans, but when his relatives were hanged by the US soldiers for a crime they didn't commit, he fought against them a relentless war and became noted for his courage, integrity and military skills.

         In 1871, Colonel George Crook employed a number of native Indians to track down Cochise, and he persuade him to negotiate a peace settlement.

         When Cochise knew that the agreement was to put his people in a harsh dismal reservation in New Mexico, he renounced the agreement.

         In 1872, and after eleven days of negations between Cochise and General Gordon Granger, commander of the district of New Mexico, they agreed that Cochise and his people might live on a reservation along Apache Pass, in southeastern Arizona.

         Henry Stuart Turrill, a retired general of the US Army, who was a young solider when Cochise made the speech to the Americans, attempted to recreate Cochise's speech "after a lapse of thirty-five years".

         In the beginning of the speech Cochise talks about the country of his people and how they fought for their independence from the Mexicans, Spanish and Americans.

         Then, he explained how his people and Americans lived in peace together. But when they arrested him in spite of his innocence, the war began.

         When Cochise realized what the war did to his people, he decided to save the people who remained by making peace with the Americans.